Allen,MRH,76441,WS/Lt,Ty/Captain, Black Watch, No.9 Commando MC(Immediate). Action at Monte Faita night 2nd-3rd February 1944, Map Ref .858043,Italy Sheet.1:50,000 sheet 160-II.During this action Captain Allen was adjutant of No.9 Commando, when the Commando was caught in a gulley and came under very heavy and accurate mortar and artillery fire from which very heavy casualties including both the C.O. and second in command were caused. Captain Allen at once took over command and reorganised alla available forces and personally directed operations .Owing to the number of officer and NCO casualties ,had it not been for the promptness of Captain Allen in taking the situation in hand ,considerable disorganisation might have occured. Captain Allen then conducted a short withdrawal under fire and organised the Commando in adefensive position.Later again he on the evacuation of the C.O., Captain Allen again tookover command. Throughout the whole operation Captain Allen showed great powers of leadership and set a magnificent example. In the Command o operations on the Gargliano River on night 29th-30th December and during 'Operation Shingle' Captain Allen showed exemplary corage,leadership and determination.(LG.26.12.44)


Barton,H, 3533801, L/Sgt, Manchester Regt, No.9 Commando MM(Immediate). Ref Map Italy Sheet.1:25,000 sheet 158-IV SE. During a Commando operation 19th March 1944,Cpl Barton led a section in the initial attack during the hours of darkness.A Spandau position manned by three enemy opened fire on them at point-blank range.Cpl Barton cooly ordered 'left flanking' and led two men round to the attack,leaving his LMG to cover him .He was observed and the two men with him were wounded, but without hesitation Cpl Barton hurled a grenade and charged the post single-handed,capturing the only uninjured occupant .Later in the day , although his remaining men had all been killed or wounded, Cpl Barton continued to man his LMG single-handed, accounting for anothe rfive certain enemy casualties.His leadership and courage were of the highest standard throughout the entire operation.(LG.20.07.44)
Bostock,T, 3659812,Pre(Act /Cpl),L/Cpl ,S.Lancs Regt, No.9 Commando MM(Immediate) . Action at Monte Faitao night 2nd-3rd February 1944, Map Ref .858043,Italy Sheet.1:50,000 sheet 160-II.During this action this NCO showed a standard of initiative determination and leadership far above that expected of an NCO of his rank. During a period of heavy enemy artillery and mortar fire in the Unit, inwhich severe casualties including 50% of the officers were injured ,he showed exemplary courage, discipline and determination to continue on the final objective.Although this Unit was under by opposition from enemy mortyar and small arms fire, he led his section on to his objective,which was captured and all the enemy in the particular Company HQ were either killed or captured.Although the position was still being heavily mortared,L/Cpl Bostock reorganised his section and started to lead them forward once onto a secondary objective until ordered to withdraw.L/Cpl Bostock showed similar determination and courage in two previous operations .During operation 'Partridge'(Gargliano River' operation night 29th-30th December) he unhesitatingly ledhis section through a minefield where several casulaties occured,and drove the enemy from a defended position which would otherwise have held up the advance of the main force.During 'Operation Shingle' (Anzio Landing) ,L/Cpl Bostock led a fighting patrol far into enemy territory , and after he had been separated from his section he captured eight prisoners single-handed.In all actions this NCO had shown exemplary courage,leadership and determination.(LG.29.06.44)
Bryan,GJ,Lt,Royal Engineers,No.9/11 Commando MC .In the action at the Litani River in Syria on 9th June 1941,Lt Bryan was commanding a section of the force landed north of the river to disorganise enemy resistance from the rear.He led a party containing Sgt Worrall and men against a French 75mm battery,under fire from concentrated machine gun offensive,captured the nearest gun with hand grenades.He directed its fire against the remaining guns, which were quickly silenced.The advance was continued,but Lt Bryan was very severely wounded through both legs,one being subsequently amputated.As a result he was taken prisoner but has since been liberated .His coolness and courage before and after being wounded was an inspiration to his men,and the capture of the battery greatly facilitated the crossing of the river,which it covered at very short range.(LG.02.12.41)
Callf,LS, 138421,Acting/Captain,Royal West Kents, No.9 Commando MC(Immediate). Ref Map Italy Sheet.1:25,000 sheet 158-IV SE.. On 2nd March 1944 the troop under command of Captain Callf was ordered to clear a wadi in square 8230 which had been occupied by the Boche, and which threatened the maintenance of the forward positions of the Unit which occupied this particular part of the line.Although the enemy held this wadi in considerable strength, particulary the surrounding high ground which dominated the whole area, Captain Callf led his trrop into a most determined assault which fiinally drove the Boche completely out of his positions, thereby closing a dangerous gap in our own lines. As a result of this action it was officially reported that enemy casualties were 23 prisoners of war and 25 killed , these figures being approximately twice the strength of the whole of Captain Callf's Troop. It is considered that the success of this action was almost entirely dure to this officer's most courageous and determined leadership, as the action was carried out approximately six hours after the Unit had disembarked in the Anzio beach-head and before he had any opportunity to carry out a reconnaissance under normal conditions.What reconnaissance Captain Callf was able to do was done under heavy enemy fire, and it was chiefly due to his personal courage and disregard for his own safety whilst doing the reconnaissance , and to his outstanding leadership and determination during the attack, that his troop was able to carry out a difficult task on ground which it had never seen or operated on before.Throughout the action, this officer 's gallant and courageous conduct was an example and inspiration to his men, and he displayed the finest qualities of a first class officer.(LG.20.07.44)
Callf,LS, 138421,Acting/Captain,Royal West Kents, No.9 Commando Bar to MC(Immediate). Captain Callf has served with this Unit during the whole period it has operated in Italy since November 1943 and has taken part in all actions the Unit has fought.Throughout all the actions this officer has shown outstsanding powers of leadership and fighting ability , and his personal courage and disregard for danger have always been aof the highest order.During a landing carried out by the Unit behind enemy lines on the Gargliano (Ref Map Italy Sheet.1:25,000 sheet 171 SW Force Del Garigliano (780932) on 29th-30th December 1943, Captain Callf led his tropop through a minefield to reconnoitre advanced positions from which the remainder of the Unit could subsequently advance. Although it was night and mines could not be detected or lifted , Captain Callf personally selected an area by means of trial and error, in which the Unit could form up. During an attack by the Unit at Monte Faito , Ref Map Italy Sheet.1:50,000 sheet 160 II SQUARE 8503 SW night 2nd-3rd February 1944 Captain Callf commanded the the leading troop and although 50% casulaties of all ranks was suffered from enemy artillery and mortar fire he continued to lead his troop in the attack until the final objective was captured.During the subsequent withdrawal this officer organised an effective rearguard which prevented the considerably depleted main force from being overwhelmed by a counter-attack.During operations in the Anzio beach-headfrom 2nd-6th March 1944,Captain Callf led his troop in a succession of actions ,the success of which were almost entirely due to his outstanding leadership,courage and determination.Captain Callf's military character is of the highest order, his gallant efficient and coyrageous conduct in action has at all times been an inspiration and example to men under his command, and he has always displayed the finest qualities of a first class officer. (LG.21.09.44)
Cameron,RAC, W/S Lt, Ty/Captain,Unknown, No.9 Commando MC .West of Garigliano River on the night 29th-30th December 1943. This officer was in command of a force of two troops whose task was to destroy an enemy post near a demolished bridge.He brought his force through minefields, and led a successful attack on the position.,By the time all the enemy resistance had been mopped up it was nearly daylight, and Captain Cameron , realising that it would be impossible to withdraw across the river further down, as planned , organised a crossing at the broken bridge . In spite of enemy mortar fire on the bridge,and the absence of any bridge building equipment except for one damaged rubber boat , the whole force , including prisoners and wounded,crossed the river with the loss of only one life.This was due to Captain Cameron's excellent organisation and his imperturbable conduct under fire.(LG.04.04.44)
Cramer,J,P/L/Cpl,2568791, RAMC, No.9 Commando MM .Ref Map Italy 1:25000, sheet 88.1.NE Fossa Marina. During 'Operation Impact Royal ' on 13th April 19445 this Unit landed from fantails on the south-west shore of Lake Commachio approximately 3 miles from Fossa Marina with the intention of advancing to the canal and capturing bridges before demolition by the enemy. This NCO landed with Commando HQ M.I. Section and set up a Regimental Aid Post in the viciniuty of the beach. At 1300 hours the regimental aid post came underheavy and intense shell and mortar fire for over an hour and a half. During this time the casualties were sustained both in Commando HQ and in the troops in the forward FDL's.During the shell fire however, Cpl Cramer repeatedly led stretcher parties to bring in those casualties from thos eforward positions over ground continuously swept by fire. When the Regimental Aid Post itself came under particulary accurate fire this NCO organised its removal to what was considered a safer location. By his imperturbabilty and command of the situation under most difficult conditions and continuous shell fire this NCO was largely responsible for excessive casualties being avoided and the competent assistance given to casuaulties evacuated from the forward positions.During the whole time his technical skill remained unimpaired by the difficulties and dangers of the moment and he displayed complete disregard for his own safety, and coolness under fire whilst dealing with all the casualties evacuated to the regimental aid post. On 15th April Cpl Cramer led a stretcher bearing party 300 yards forward of our forward defended lines through an anti-personnel minefield to search for our own dead and wounded and to evacuate a German who had been wounded two days previously.The whole area of his search was under direct observation by the enemy, covered by known enemy machine gun fixed lines ,and under continuous mortar fire.In spite of these hazards Cpl Cramer treated and evacuated all the wounded that he could find and did not complete his search until he was satisfied there were no more of our own casualties to be evacuated.Not only did this NCO display the most efficient medical skill when dealing wiith casualties but also fearlessness, devotion to duty and courage which was an example to all ranks with whom he worked and great source of confidence and assistance to the casualties which he attended.(LG.23.08.45)
Daniels,S, 14322499,P/L/L/Bdr, RA, No.9 Commando MM(Immediate). Ref Map Italy 1:25000, sheet 88.1.NE Fossa Marina. During 'Operation Impact Royal ' on 13th April 19445 this Unit landed from fantails on the south-west shore of Lake Commachio approximately 3 miles from Fossa Marina with the intention of advancing to the canal and capturing bridges before demolition by the enemy.On 15th April this NCO's Troop was forming up on the start line for the final attack on the canal bridge when a spandau opened fire on the troop from approximately 20 yards distance.Without the slightest hesitation L/Bdr Daniels immediately charged this podition killed two of the occupants with a hand grenade picked up by the LMG and hurled it at another weaponm pit occupied by Boche, and then returned to his troop with the information that immediate opposition had been destroyed.In this action it was only due to this NCO's immediate fearless action in dealing with the enemy opposition that casualties were not inflicted on the troop on the start line before the attack was launched. Later, during the attack , this NCO led the forward sub-section through a maze of houses all of which were occupied by Germans LMG Schmeisser positions,It was only on account of this NCO's dash and determination in dealing with one position after another that the troop was able to advance through these houses on to its ultimate objective.At one period , as the troop was advancing round the back of a house , an enemy self-propelled gun behind a wall opened fire on it at point blank range. LBdr Daniel's ,without the the slightest hesitation and consideration for his own safety jumped on the gun , fired a burst of his tommy gun into the turret and killed or captured the crew single-handed. Had this gun remained intact the success of the whole operation of the entire Commando would have been jeopardised. During the whole battle this NCO was invariably the first to enter any enemy occupied building or attack any enemy position.He led his section with determination , skill and courage .In spite of his personal courage he always concentrated on his responsibilities to his section which carried out some splendid fighting under his competent , skilful and courageous command.(LG.23.08.45)
Farquhar JK,1821551, Private,Seaforth Highlanders,No.9 Commando MM(Immediate). West of Garigliano River 29th-30th December 1943. this man was wounded in the leg during the assault on the demolished bridge position.In spite of this he carried on, attacking the enemy with grenades , and when the enemy ran away he chased them and captured two single-handed.He crossed the river unaided and did not disclose the fact that he was wounded until the crossing had been completed.(LG.04.05.45)
D'Arcy,EJ, 173842, W/S Captain , RAMC,No.9 Commando MC(Immediate) Action at Monte Faitao night 2nd-3rd February 1944, Map Ref .858043,Italy Sheet.1:50,000 sheet 160-II. During this action, the Unit suffered heavy casualties including 50% of all officers and approximately 30% of other ranks.After one of the final objectives had been captured the Commando was ordered to withdraw as the position was considered untenable owing to increasing casualties from increasing artillery and mortar fire.This officer, who is the Unit's Medical Officer , insisted on remaining behind until he had done evrything possible to arrange for the evacuation of our casualties.He remained behind in full view of the enemy and in continuous danger from mortar fire until all casualties who could be carried were evacuated to our own lines. Captain D'Arcy attended to the wounded during their withdrawal under most harassing connditions and through difficult and mountainous country for a distance of several miles until he was physically exhausted. For the next twelve hours he continued to deal with casualties in a position which was continuously being shelled, and showed the utmost courage and determination and exemplary leadership tohis medical staff. Throughout the action he displayed complete disregard for his own safety in order to attend the wounded.(LG.29.06.44)
Davies,MAW, 253496, Act/Captain,Northamptons,No.9 Commando MC . Ref Map Italy Sheet.1:25,000 sheet 158-IV SE.This officer hold the appointment of Adjutant of the Unit which took part in the attack on Wadi in square 8230 on 19th March 1944. In thsi action the Unit drove the Boche from his positions in this wadi, and held thsi position during the day until the final withdrawal the following night. Whilst the position was occupied by the Commando , the Boche delivered a succession of counter-attacks, culminating in a strong attack at last light immediately prior to our withdrawal, which were all repulsed.Owing to the nature of the ground and the neccessity for sending out continual patrols to keep the Boche ata distance, a considerable part of the line of defence had to be held by Coimmando HQ. personnel, who were under the command of Captain Davies.Later on in the day the only officer of another troop was killed, and command of this troop had passed to Captain Davies. Throughout the day he continually organised the defences of the sector under his charge which were steadily being depleted by snipers , as well as carrying out in a most efficient manner his other duties as Adjutant. At last light a very strong Boche counter-attack was delivered into our position, the main force of the attack falling on the sector held by men under Captain Davies's command.Immediately the attack started, this officer rallied his men in a magnificent manner,and personally led them in ana assault which drove the Boche well back from our own positions into his original forming up area.Captain Davies was seen and heard to be personally leading every charge which finally resulted in the Boche attack being completely broken after fierce hand-to-hand engagements. Throughout these engagements Captain Davies was at all times involved where the fighting was fiercest , personally leading his men and taking part in hand-to-hand fighting.His presence , and the gallant and corageous manner in which he rallied his men , some of whom had never been in action before , was an inspiration to the whole Unit, and his gallant conduct and splendid leadership was entirely responsiblefor the defeat of the Boche counter-attack. throughout the whole action, Captain Davies showed utter disregard for his own personal safety, as he was always seen to be fighting in those positions which where enemy penetration would have caused a critical situation. Hisa personal courage and determined leadership was an inspiration to all ranks, and itr ois considered that had he not completely dominated the fighting in his sewctor so that the enemy attack was thoroughly beaten, the whole position might have been over-run by the enemy. Captain davies showed the highest possible standars of fearlessnessa and couarge , and his conduct was of the highest order throughout the whole action.Recommended for DSO awarded MC.(LG.20.07.40)
Farquhar JK,1821551, Private,Seaforth Highlanders,No.9 Commando MM(Immediate). West of Gargliano River 29th-30th December 1943. this man was wounded in the leg during the assault on the demolished bridge position.In spite of this he carried on, attacking the enemy with grenades , and when the enemy ran away he chased them and captured two single-handed.He crossed the river unaided and did not disclose the fact that he was wounded until the crossing had been completed.(LG.04.05.45)
Hodkinson,J, 3446114, L/Sgt,Lancs Fusiliers, No.9 Commando MM Ref Map Italy Sheet.1:25,000 sheet IV SE . During a Commando Operation on 19th March 1944, Cpl Hodkinson commanded a bren team sited in a forward position subjected to a heavy machine gun fire and enemy sniping. With his bren gunner killed, he took over the gun,and,in the space of less than an hour inflicted a minimum of twelve certain casualties on enemy groups infiltrating forward.At one period he was knocked unconscious by the blast of a shell , but on recovering he immediately remanned his gun and continued to inflict casualties on the enemy. For the space of ten hours , in an extremely cramped and dangerous position , he continued cooly to fire his gun, breaking up three enemny attempts to dig in a machine gun on the high ground before him and with five of his own men lying dead around him. His coolness and complete disregard for his own safety was an inspiration to all ranks.(LG.20.07.44)
Hopkins,LW, 6213259,W/S Cpl,U/L/Sgt,Middlesex Regt, No.9 Commando DCM(Immediate) Ref Map Italy 1:25000, sheet 88.1.NE Fossa Marina. During 'Operation Impact Royal ' on 13th April 19445 this Unit landed from fantails on the south-west shore of Lake Commachio approximately 3 miles from Fossa Marina with the intention of advancing to the canal and capturing bridges before demolition by the enemy. On night 15th-16th April 1945 an unsuccessful attempt was made to cross the canal by means of assault boats.It was unsuccessful onaccount of mud,strong tide,haevy casualties among personnel, and damage craft except one by shell fire.The first anxious moment occured when this NCO's section Sgt became a casualty during the approach to the canal.L/Sgt Hopkins immediately protected his wounded Sgt with his own body, replying to Spandau fire whilst the casualties managed to crawl to safety.This was the first instance of this NCO's courageous actions.Later oon during this action L/Sgt Hopkins was in charge of leading the assault boat which was to crossthe canal.In spite of heavy mortar fire which almost prevented the carriage of the craft tothe canal bank ,L/Sgt Hopkins encouraged his men with his determination to complete the task in such a manner thathis craft was successfully launched .Once they were in the water ,however,enemy fire increased,inflicting casualties among his crew and also on the boat itself.Added difficulties consisted of a strong tide,waist high mud and an enemy Spandau position firing at point blank range from the opposite bank.Once his craft had been damaged,however,Sgt Hopkins immediately returned to the craft assembley area to organize further craft being brought forward and it was only due to his splendid leadership and control of the situation that this task was completed. Once again when in the water launching the craft, Sgt Hopkins was wounded in the wrist by mortar shrapnel but he remained in the water and refused to return to the bank until he had ensured that the following craft had been successfully launched and were put on the right route.he refused to be helped out to the bank until all the craft had been launched, and although he was sinking in the mud and could not guarantee any assistance to help him out he remained their untilordered to be evacuated. Even at this stage ,although in considerable pain, he returned to his Ttroop HQ and asked for another task which he would be capable of carrying out with only one arm in action. he was in such pain , however,that his Troop Leader ordered himto return to the regimental aid post.Throughout this entire operation this NCO displayed courage over and above that which could be normally be expected,both before and after being wounded.he maintained complete controlof the general situation and the men under his commnad under appalling conditions in the canal when he himself was in grave danger of being drowned and under continual enemy fire.His coolness,fearlessness and devotion to duty were factors which contributed greatly to avert disaster when the remaining boats starteed to sink, and his example throughout was one of utter fearlessness and determination to complete the task assigned to him.(LG.23.08.45)
Hughes,GWS,7360074,P/L/L/Cpl,RAMC, No.9 Commando MM .This NCO has served in the RAMC section of this Commando in all actions in which the Unit has fought in Italy since November 1943. At all times he has displayed the greatest efficiency,devotion to duty and disregardfor hisown personal safety whilst dealing with casualties in the field . The Medical Officer of this Unit ,Captain EJ D'Arcy MC, states that L/Cpl Huges 's individual actions on all occassions whilst treating and evacuating casualties have been responsible for saving a very considerable number of mens lives.On night 29th-30th December 1943, the Unit carried out 'Operation Partridge' which consisted of an assault landing behind enemy lines.near Garigliano Ref Map Italy 1:25000, sheet 160 II Square 8503 .SW Force Del Garigliano .L/Cpl Hughes landed in the first flight and dealt with casualties of all ranks. Not only did L/Cpl Hughes accompnay the leading troops in the attack ,dealing with casualyies on the way, but after the withdrawal he led forward stretcher-bearer parties to collect casualties left behind in enemy territory, and in the process captured a party of Boche with the assistance of one walking wounded case, who he organised as stretcher bearers and brought back to our lines. During an attack carried out by the Commando whilst serving att Anzio on 19th March 19444, the Unit was surrounded and pinned down in a wadi for 20 hours , and suffered very heavy casualties from continuous enemy artillery and mortar fire. Throughout this period L/Cpl Hughes displayed exemplary courage and while evacuating casualties from exposed positions under direct fire from the enemy, and rendered indespensible assistance to the Medical Officer in organising a regimental aid post only 100 yards from enemy positions.During the period that L/Cpl Hughes has served in this Unit , fromMARCH 1941 he has rendered most consciencious service as a medical orderly.casualties in the field were never in a too dangerous or exposed position for him to deal with.His disregard for personal danger whilst carrying out his duties has at all times been outstanding , and his efficiency,zeal and devotion to duty have at alltimes been of the highest order.recommended for DCM awarded MM.(LG.21.09.44)
Jackson,HC,4919445,Act/Sgt,S.Staffordshire Regt, No.9 Commando MM(Immediate) .Ref Map Italy 1:25000, sheet IV SE.During a Commando Operation on 19th March 1944,L/Sgt Jackson was in command of six men protecting the right flank of his troop.Throughout the entire operation ,although exposed to extremely heavy mortar and machine gun fire, he continued to crawl between his slit trenches and the high ground where the three of his men lay wounded, completely exposing himself in order to direct the fire of his men and to observe the enemy.Later in the day ,although his party had suffered 5-% casualties, he led his remaining three men in a counter-attack against a group of enemy infiltrating between his position and Commando HQ, killing afour and wounding and driving off the remainder. His magnificent coolness and determination enabled him to lead a party through an enemy position in order to bring in one of his severely wounded men. He was at all times an example and inspiration to the men who fought under his Comnmand.(LG.20.07.44)
Long,DB,284561, W/S Lt/Lt,Lancs Fusiliers,No.9 Commando MM(Immediate). In 'Operation Roast' which took place from 1st-4th April,1945 the task of this Unit was to carry out an opposed landing on the western side of the spit of land between Lake Commachio and the Adriatic and destroy or capture all enemy troops and material in this area. this task was completed , resulting in the captiure of 1000 prisoners of war by the Commando Brigade and elimination of the entire enemy force in this area. The early part of this operation consisted of a most exhausting journey over Lake Commachio in stormboats which had to be pushed or paddled most of the way due to engine breakdowns or shallowness of water. All craft had to be pushed 2000 yards before shore could be reached and everyone without exception was physically exhausted before the actual battle began .This operation was the first one which this very young officer experienced being under fire, but he displayed neither of the usual reactrions of cautiousness or recklessness.Lt Long commanded the first assault section during the landing and led his section into the attack on the forward enemy positions which were opposing the landing of the rest of the Unit.He was wounded early on in the action and subsequently evacuated,-but not before he had led his section in a charge in the face of point blank fire from enemy dug outs which resulted in had-to-hand fighting and the complete annihilation of the enemy position.The first bound of the advance was made in mist and smoke , and it was only due to Long's fearless personal reconnaissance of the correct lines of approach under continual and intense fire from all directions that the final attack was launched on the the correct objective.Long personally led the final charge on the enemy dug-outs after satisfying himself of their exact dispositions and was the first man to get among the enemy. His courage and fearlessness during the previous reconnaissance and standard of leadership during the final attack were almost entirely responsible for the success of his sections attack.Even after being wounded he directed his men onto attacking individual enemy dug-outs and pillboxes and maintained complete control of his section by passing messages to individual sub-sections as the battle progressed. At all times his men had complete faith and confidence in his leadership before he was wounded and also in his ability to control the vattle after he was wounded.His splendid example of fighting ability , courage and determination both before and after being undoubtedly was the major factor responsible for the success of his sections battle. After his sections tasks was completed he crawled back to his troops headquarters and assisted his Troop Leader to launch attacks on other objectives which he had seen when making his previous recces. It was not until all these objectives had been dealt with would he allow himself to be evacuated to the regimental aid post. This officers devotion to duty , personal courage and standard of leadership were of the highest order to be expected from an officer. (LG.05.07.45)
Long,M, 97967,WS/Lt, Ty/Captain, U/K,No.9 Commando MC(Immediate) . West of Garigliano River on the night 29th-30th December 1943.This officer was in command of one of the troops under Captain Cameron.He led his troop in the attack, and then swam across a strong current under mortar fire to a pile of the demolished bridge , taking a rope , after efforts to cross in a rubber boat had failed. he organised a bridgehead on the far bank, which was still in enemy occupation, and held it until the whole force was safetly over.(LG.054.05.44)
McPherson,G.McGF, 2761028, L/Sgt ,Black Watch, No.9 Commando MM . Ref Map Italy 1:25000, sheet 158. IV SE. During a Commando operation on March 1944 , the above NCO was in charge of a bren LMG covering the left flank of the forward positions.Although subjected to continual heavy sniping and machine gun fire, he cooly and determinedly broke up group after group of enemy attempting to form up counter-attacks, and to infiltrate forward from the high ground. Later in the day he was withdrawn from this forward position but made repeated journeys back to it, across 50 yards of open and bullet swept country, in order to break up enemy recce parties and direct the fire of our own 2" mortar .Before last light he again took up his forward position , although under heavy and continuous fire, despite the fact that he was completely isolated from the remainder of his troop.Shortly before dusk his position was attacked by a party of 20 enemy led by an officer with a map. L/Cpl MacPherson held his fire until they were at point blank range and then opened up with his Bren LMG ,killing the officer and seven of the enemy and wounding and driving off the remainder .Throughout the day his personal courage and devotion to duty was an inspiration to all his comrades. (LG.20.07.44)
Reace,GA,2881169, W/CSM,WO2, U/K , No.9 Commando DCM(Immediate) . Ref Map Italy sheets 13 and 19 ,Sq's (w) M55,56,65,& 66. In 'Operation Roast' which took place from 1st-4th April,1945 the task of this Unit was to carry out an opposed landing on the western side of the spit of land between Lake Commachio and the Adriatic and destroy or capture all enemy troops and material in this area. this task was completed , resulting in the captiure of 1000 prosoners of war by the Commando Brigade and elimination of the entire enemy force in this area. The early part of this operation consisted of a most exhausting journey over Lake Commachio in stormboats which had to be pushed or paddled most of the way due to engine breakdowns or shallowness of water. All craft had to be pushed 2000 yards before shore could be reached and everyone without exception was physically exhausted before the actual battle began .Not only in this operation but in all previous actions in which this Unit has taken part this WO has carried out his duties as a CSM most efficiently, conscienciously and courageously .During this particular operation his Troop HQ was , at many times, left in a very iosolated position in completely open country and in enemy -held territory whilst sections were detached mopping up enemy strongpoints.At one stage when he and three men of his HQ were guarding approximately 80 prisoners of war the HQ was counter attascked and stonked by a battery of enemy mortars .Not only did he retain his control over the prisoners of war but he also drove off the counter attack with only two other men under his command.Had the counter attack penetrated his position it would have resulted in his troop being split.His general coolness,skill and devotion to duty whilst advancing to the final objective resulted in a total bag for his troop of 100 prisoners of war which would have had to be abandoned during the advance had he not kept his head at all times.Earlier in the operation the Troop HQ was heavily mortared and he was seriously wounded in the groin , but he continued to advance with his troop and did not report his injuries to his Troop Commander until the operation was completed as it would have entailed reorganization within the troop and possible failure in capturing the final enemy positions had the enemy been given time to reorganize. When he was finally ordered to be evacuated he refused to do so as there was no other NCO available to take over his duties and in great pain he continued throughout the operation for the next eight hours to assist his Troop Leader and to control another section when its officer became a casualty. CSM Reace has at all times shown outstanding ability,bravery and courage. His utter disregard for his own safety and determination to comlete his duties has always been of the highest order.(LG.05.07.45)
Searle,CF,14241831, L/Sgt, No.9 Commando DCM . Operation Roast' Lake Commachio Split, 2nd April,1945 .This NCO came aboard as a private .He has twice been promoted in the battlefield.During extremely heavy and accurate sniping which had oinned down the troop to cover, his Section SNCO was hit.L/Sgt Searle made a 30 yard dash , under full view of the enemy snipers,and,ascertaining that his superior NCO was killed,he calmly knelt and took map and compass and other necessary articles from the body, reciving a bullet through his steele helmet in the middle of his operations.He then took over the section and led his men through a thick smoke screen which oblitereated both own troops and enemy. Thsi smoke was subjected to heavy 3" mortaring but Searle kept the men going by voice control although he suffered a further three casualties. He led the final charge and over ran two spandau positions capturing two 75mm howitzers .Immediately following thsi area was covered by defensive fire task and the troop suffered a further 15 casualties .L/Sgt Searle now infiltrated with two men on the troop right flank,and silenced a spandau which was firing on and holding up the advance of the troop on the flank. under a further accurate defensive fire mortaring of the troop, bringing the total casualties to 29,L/Sgt Searle now rallied three men and started to lead them over an oopen space to the next objective. All the party were wounded by shrapnel or automatic fire and Searle ,although badly wounded in the chest assisted in dragging one other to safety .He then reported back to his troop leader and would not be helped back to the Regimental Aid Post until he had furnished a fiull report. Under continuous mortaring ,shelling and small arms fire which inflicted 35 casualties out of 58, L/Sgt Searle's behaviour was outstanding in his complete disregard for his own personal safety, and his coolness and excellent leadership in controlling his men under the hardest possible conditions.(LG.13.12.45)
Thomson,J, 3190591,L/Sgt, KOSB, No.9 Commando DCM(Immediate) . Ref Map Italy 1:25000, sheet 158. IV SE. During the operation carried out by this Unit in wadis in square 8230 on 19th March 1944, this NCO commanded two bren LMG's which were sited well forward of this troop main poosition. At one stage his post was attacked by a party of ten Boche , whoi attacked from a dominating position and under cover of strong support fromLMG's and rifle grenades.L/Cpl Thomson was wounded in this attack, and one of his LM Gunners killed, but he took over this bren himself and his small force of four men succeeded in driving off teh Boche attack,killing two and wounding several more. Later in the day , although still wounded ,he and his other LMG covered the movement of his troop by holding off a strong Boche counter attack,which,had it been successful, would have turned the flank of the whole unit position. throughout the entire action Thomson was unable to move from his position owing to accurate enemy sniping which inflicted heavy casualties on the rest of his troop and after he was wounded he refused to allow attempts to be made to evacuate him owing to the danger to the stretcher-bearer parties. In spite of his wound and although under continuous rifle,LMG and grenade fire he maintained his two LMG's in position in a most determined manner,ands it was entirely due to his complete control of the situation while giving covering fire to his troop that it was able to take up new positions, which in turn covered the successful withdrawall of the whole force.Throughout the action this NCO displayed a remarkably high standard of leadership , and his personal courage , determination and disregard for his wound sset amagnificent example to all ranks.(LG.20.07.44)
Walsh,F, 2986730, Act/Sgt ,Argylle&Sutherland, No.9 Commando MM(Immediate) . On the 5th March No.2986730 Sgt Walsh F. was commander of a section of a Fighting Patrol operating in the area square 8230. Throughout thepatrol Sgt Walsh showed outstanding courage and leadership whilst under heavy small arms and mortar fire, boith in locating the enemy and in the final assault on these positions. During a period in which the patrol was pinned down by enemyfire and suffered 40% casualties , Sgt Walsh organised and led small parties to outflank the enemy position in amost determined and courageous manner.Whenever his party was held up, he pushed on himself in order to outflank the enemy and cause their fire to be lifted from his section's position.During the final assault on the enemy position ,he displayed an outstanding example of leadership to all the men and although he was wounded during theis assault he carried on until he had bayonetted and killed the Boche who had wounded him. After being wounded he refused to return to the Regimental Aid Post until he had re-organised his section and was ordered to return by his patrol leader.(LG.20.07.44)
Waugh,W, Act/Corporal, 2991737, Argylle & Sutherland Highlanders, No.9 Commando MM(Immediate) . Ref Map Italy 1:25000, sheet 158. IV SE .This NCO was a team leader during the Commando attack on wadi in square 8230 on 19th March 1944. Although painfully injured from barbed wire gashes incurred in the original advance to the objective, L/Cpl Waugh displayed a standard of leadership far in excess of that normally expected from an NCO of this junior rank. During the initial stages of the attack L/Cpl Waugh's Troop became completely cut off from the rest of the Unit, and there existed no meands of commuiication other than by a runner, who had to cross ground that was completely dominated by enemy fire.L/Cpl Waugh twice volunteered to cross this open ground to contact other troops ,which he did with the utmost coolness and determination while under heavy LMG and mortar fire. His self control and coolness which he displayed the whole day while under heavy mortar fire was a magnificent example to all ranks, and particulary to the team under his command, which drove off several determined enemy counter attacks which were delivered under strong support from enemy mortars. When the Commando broke up the final enemy counter-attack ,L/Cpl Waugh most gallantly led his assault team forward with determined dash and courage inflicting heavy casualties on the Boche. Throughout the operation ,this NCO set a splendid example of fearlessness and leadership and handled his team in a most determined and successful manner.(LG.20.07.44)
Wilkins,GR, 2881259, P/L/Sgt, London Scottish, No.9 Commando MM(Immediate) . Action at Monte Faita night 2nd-3rd February 1944, Map Ref .858043,Italy Sheet.1:50,000 sheet 160-II. During this action ,No.4 Troop of which L/Sgt Wilkins was a section commander, acted as advance guard of the attack and was under continuous enemy artillery and mortar fire during the advance. Throughout heavy opposition ,L/Sgt Wilkins controlled and directed his section with the utmost determination and coolness, and led them forward to the attack with efficiency and disregard for his personal safety. Although under heavy artillery and mortar fire, L/Sgt Wilkins succeeded in capturing a strongly defended enemy position with the assistance of only two men, the remainder of his section having become casualties.All the members of the enemy position were either killed or captured. After the attack the Commando was ordered to withdraw, and although L/Sgt Wilkins was cut off from his section he remained behind to arrange for the evacuation of casualties , which he did under continuous mortar fire.His courage and determination were an example to all teh men who remained to assist the wounded, and his leadership was responsible for the lives of several of the casualties as well as preventing the enemy force from re0occupying the position while he was organising the evacuation of casualties.(LG.29.06.44)